Inequality and Gender Occupational Outcomes
Persistent gender bias in the job market and income inequality.
Equality of opportunity is a popular goal that a broad spectrum of political opinion is united on.
Equality of outcomes as an objective of public policy is more divisive.
Ronald L. Oaxaca from the University of Arizona argues that the very close association between occupational inequality and income inequality is the main driver of social concern over gender inequality in occupational outcomes. If women were under-represented in low paying occupations lacking promotional opportunities, it is doubtful that gender occupational inequality would be a significant social issue (at least not for women).
This lecture explores the association between job titles and wages, job mobility in the workplace, and how to sort out how much of the gender wage gap can be attributed to job segregation in the workplace.